Number of cases in media 21
- 1) Â Â R v Lyes Outiren 2015Â Â Â Â
Outiren from Newqay was initially arrested as part of a murder investigation but although his laptop was seized he was not charged.
However, counter terrorism detectives raided Outirens home after they discovered a series of hyperlinks he had emailed to himself linking to the bomb making videos as well as the emails to al-Qaeda magazine Inspire.
Outiren admitted possessing and distributing terrorist literature and a bomb-making manual as well as sending emails with links to terrorist sites.
Outiren having been on remand for 14 months, including a year in Broadmoor, was given credit for early guilty pleas, he was sentenced to two years and eight months for possessing and disseminating terrorist material.
- 2) Â Â (Finland) Terror Arrest 2014Â Â
Police in Finland detained three Finnish nationals whom they suspect of murder as members of a foreign armed, terrorist organization, the first arrests of their kind in the Nordic country. The case continues.
- 3) Â Â R v Hussain & Diamantis 2014
Nabeel Hussain was convicted of engaging in conduct in preparation for a terrorist act(s) in 2008 for his involvement in “The Aircraft Bomb Plot” in 2006.
On Thursday 19 September 2013 Nabeel Hussain was invited into a police station to be interviewed about a driving without insurance offence in order to establish whether he had committed any such offence and whether he was likely to have breached his licence (probation from prison) conditions as a result. Mr Hussain failed to attend the police station and then failed to return to his home address that evening. He was therefore in breach of his licence conditions and consequently the London Probation Trust requested his recall to prison.
A warrant recalling Mr Hussain to prison was granted and as a result, all ports were notified of his status.
On Monday 23 September 2013 a male was collected by a mini cab from an address in North London at about 1900hrs. He was taken to Stansted Airport and entered the departures terminal. This male approached the check in counter and produced an e-ticket and genuine British passport in order to check onto a flight to Istanbul, Turkey. He passed through the security and search areas without incident and was then approached by Essex Special Branch officers who wished to check his passport. It was then confirmed that the person travelling was Nabeel Hussain and not the person named on the passport. Mr Hussain was arrested under the Identity Documents Act 2010.
Enquiries into the purchase of the flight ticket which Mr Hussain attempted to leave the country revealed that Michael Diamantis had bought the ticket. Mr Diamantis was arrested on Thursday 26 September 2013 on suspicion of conspiring to commit an identity document offence. During his detention, an identity parade was held, in order to establish whether he was the person who purchased the ticket at the travel agents. He was positively identified by the staff as being the buyer and subsequently charged with Fraud by False Representation.
Both men pleaded guilty, Nabeel Hussain in March 2014 and Michael Diamantis in May 2014. Hussain was sentenced to two years’ and four months’ imprisonment. Diamantis was sentenced to 20 months’ imprisonment.
- 4) Â Â R V Ibrahim Hassan 2014
Ibrahim Hassan and Shah Hussain had known each other at least since 2004, when both are known to have been involved with Al-Muhajiroun, the Islamic extremist group that was established by Omar Bakri Muhammed and Anjem Choudhary. The group operated in Britain until it was proscribed by the government in 2010 after having been linked to a number of episodes of international terrorism.
In 2008 both Mr Hassan and Mr Hussain were tried with a group of others who were either members of or associated with Al-Muhajiroun for offences arising out of a series of speeches delivered at the Regent’s Park Mosque in London on 9 November 2004. The Crown’s case was that their purpose was to encourage terrorist activity abroad, and to raise money for such activity.
In November 2012, in the course of routine investigations, police became aware of the existence of five audio files which had been uploaded to the internet. The files were entitled “In Pursuit of Allah’s Governance on Earth” by Abu Nusaybah, which is an established honorific name for Ibrahim Hassan. They were assessed and found to contain extremist Islamic material which encouraged and glorified acts of terrorism.
The files were found on a file sharing website, effectively a “free digital library”, through which people may post documents and other types of files such as MP3 files, videos, photographs, and other images, including the texts of writings.
Police became aware that Mr Hassan was providing a pre-recorded interview to media on Friday 24 May 2013 and arrested him.
A transcript of the media shows Ibrahim Hassan endeavouring to mitigate for the actions of Michael Adebolajo, the murderer of Lee Rigby.
In his lectures, Ibrahim Hassan encouraged his listeners to go to a website which he said he ran with his brother Abu Muwahid. As the investigation continued, it was discovered that Shah Hussain used the pseudonym of Abu Muwahid.
Mr Hussain was arrested on 5 June 2013. Amongst the items seized from his flat was an iMac, which linked him with purchasing the domain name for the website, as well revealing that he himself had delivered lectures which encouraged and glorified acts of terrorism.
The computer examination also provided several instances of the user having visited the website’s YouTube channel. A capture of the YouTube channel included a video entitled “The Ruling on Insulting the Prophet – Sheikh Anwar al-Awlaki”, which was apparently uploaded on 14 September 2012. The user summary described the lecture as “very relevant our time” (sic), “especially in light of the recent movie insulting Muhammad (pbuh)”.
In this lecture, Anwar al-Awlaki, the late Al Qaeda propagandist and proponent of violent Jihad, asserted that Muslims did not require a fatwa or other injunction to react when the Prophet Mohammed was insulted, rather they should take violent action against those who are perceived to be responsible for the insult.
Ibrahim Hassan and Shah Hussain each pleaded guilty on 24 March 2014 to encouraging terrorism relating to the lectures they had given. They were sentenced to three years’ imprisonment on 6 June 2014. In addition they pleaded guilty to jointly disseminating the Anwar al-Awlaki video on their You Tube channel. Ibrahim Hassan was sentenced to three years’ imprisonment concurrent and Shah Hussain (who pleaded guilty slightly earlier in the proceedings) was sentenced to 28 months’ imprisonment concurrent.
In summer 2011 Richard Dart and Jahanghir Alom were in Pakistan where they hoped to be trained in terrorist techniques. They failed to join a terrorist training camp, although they did receive some advice or instruction, in particular, about the potential advantage of conducting terrorism in the UK. They returned to London in August 2011. By late October they had booked flights back to Pakistan, and were due to depart on 11 November 2011. When they went to Heathrow to fly to Karachi on 11 November 2011 they stopped by the police and therefore did not travel. Their home addresses were searched at the same time.
Examination of Richard Dart’s computer showed a highly unusual method of communication, employed as a counter-surveillance technique. The method of covert communication employed was to conduct a silent “conversation” â€“ in fact an exchange of lines of text typed on to the screen of a laptop computer shared between two people sitting in the same room. The participants typed the text of their conversation into a Microsoft Word document and then deleted the text at the end of the conversation. So far as they knew, the contents were destroyed.
On 5 July 2012, Richard Dart, Jahangir Alom, Ruksana Begum and Ayan Hadi were arrested. A police hi-tech computer investigator found the fragments of text on Richard Dart’s computer and it was possible to forensically recover and reconstruct the conversations. Evidential presentation of the material, and its interpretation made sense of these conversations and set them in context. This was a complex piece of work. The technique had not previously been used in any UK prosecution.
Such “conversations” had been held between Richard Dart and a male called Imran Mahmood and between Richard Dart and his wife Ayan Hadi. This proved that, in advance of their travel, Richard Dart sought detailed advice from Imran Mahmood who had received terrorist training in Pakistan. Imran Mahmood was able to give Richard Dart useful information about where to go and how to gain access to those people that could assist them as well as methods they could employ to ensure that the authorities would be unable to track their activities. The training that Richard Dart and Jahangir Alom sought would have taught them the skills and techniques necessary to commit acts of terrorism both abroad but also in the United Kingdom, although there is no evidence that any planning for an identifiable target had actually been carried out. Surveillance showed that Richard Dart and Imran Mahmood continued to meet after the failed November 2011 trip, and that Richard Dart and Jahangir Alom were very close associates who met on an almost daily basis until their arrest. There was evidence that Jahangir Alom had falsely obtained visas to visit Pakistan and in arranging travel.
Ruksana Begum was charged with an offence contrary to section 58 of the Terrorism Act 2000, namely that on 5 July 2012 she was possession of a document or record likely to be useful to a person committing or preparing an act of terrorism, namely “Inspire 8” and “Inspire 9”, which is a publication produced by Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula. They were on a SD card found amongst her possessions when she was arrested. The publications provide practical advice on how to use a handgun, how to construct a remote control detonator and information that would have been of use to someone who intended to create an incendiary device to ignite destructive forest fires. Ruksana Begum pleaded guilty on 12 October 2012 at the Central Criminal Court and was sentenced on 6 December 2012 to 12 months’ imprisonment. The notification period under section 53(1)(c) of the Counter-Terrorism Act 2008 is ten years and the SD card was ordered to be destroyed.
The three men were charged with an offence contrary to section 5 of the Terrorism Act 2000 on 18 July 2012 which alleged that between 25 July 2010 and 6 July 2012, with the intention of committing acts of terrorism or assisting another to commit such acts, engaged in conduct in preparation for giving effect to their intention, namely travelling to Pakistan for training in terrorism, travelling abroad to commit acts of terrorism and advising and counseling the commission of terrorist acts by providing information about travel to Pakistan and terrorism training, and operational security whilst there. Imran Mahmood was sentenced to an extended sentence of 14 years 9 months, comprising a custodial element of 9 years 9 months and an extended licence period of 5 years. A Notification Order under section 53(1)(c) of the Counter-Terrorism Act was made for a period of 15 years. Richard Dart was sentenced to an extended sentence of 11 years, comprising a custodial element of 6 years and an extended licence period of 5 years. A Notification order under section 53(1)(c) of the Counter-Terrorism Act was made for a period of 15 years.
Jahangir Alom was sentenced to 4 years 6 months’ imprisonment. A Notification Order under section 53(1)(c) of the Counter-Terrorism Act was made for a period of 10 years.
Richard Dart also had computer-logged exchanges with his wife Ayan Hadi, in which it is clear that she was fully apprised of her husband’s travel plans and his terrorist intentions. Her case was dealt with separately and she was charged with an offence of failing to provide information contrary to Section 38B (1)(b) and (2) of the Terrorism Act 2000 in that between 1 July 2011 and 6 July 2012 she had information which she knew or believed might be of material assistance in securing the apprehension, prosecution or conviction of Richard Dart for an offence involving the commission, preparation or instigation of an act of terrorism, and she did not disclose the information as soon as reasonably practicable. She pleaded guilty on 5 July 2013 at the Central Criminal Court and was sentenced on 16 August 2013 to 12 months’ imprisonment, suspended for 2 years, with condition of probation supervision. A Notification Order under section 53(1)(c) of Counter-Terrorism Act was made for a period of 10 years.
- 6) Â Â R v Shabbir Ali 2012
Â On 31 July 2012 Mohammed Shabir Ali and Mohammed Shafik Ali pleaded guilty to a joint offence of terrorist fund raising contrary to section 15 (3) (a) and (b) Terrorism Act 2000. The twins admitted that over a period of time, with the help of Shabaaz Hussain, they had sent approximately Â£3,000 out to their elder brother Mohammed Shamim.
Mohammed Shamim had travelled to Somalia in 2008 with two other people and is believed to have received terrorist training and to be participating in fight as an insurgent in Somalia.
Shabaaz Hussain, referred to above, had previously pleaded guilty to seven counts of funding contrary to s15 Terrorism Act 2000 and was sentenced to 5 years and 3 months imprisonment.
The twins admitted that they had read the book ’44 Ways to Support Jihad’ by Anwar Al Awlaki, which contains chapters that detail the need to raise funds for those in other countries who are carrying out jihad.
In June 2011 the twins were arrested at the same time as Shabaaz Hussain but they were released without charge. However, the police searched the twinsâ€™ home address and found an MP3 player that contained a recording of a telephone call in a telephone kiosk. The recording was of a conversation between the twins and their brother who it is believed was in Somalia at the time.
The twins told their brother they had passed on Â£1,065 to another person to send out to him and they discussed what Mohammed Shamin was experiencing and the twins were warned to be careful about what they were doing and saying.
In sentencing the twins, Mr Justice Fulford accepted that their role in the terrorist fund raising was less than that of Shabaaz Hussain. The twins were both sentenced to 3 years in custody and were made the subject of a Terrorism Notification Requirement for 10 years, as required by the Counter-Terrorism Act 2008 Part 4.
- 7) Â Â R v Dr Shajul IslamÂ 2012
Shajul Islam was arrested from Heathrow airport London, and charged with kidnapping a British journalist, John Cantlie, in 2012. Â Dr Islam was subsequently released after his trial collapsed for lack of evidence.
- 8) Â Â R v Salma Kabal 2012
Â Salma Kabal , the estranged wife of Ashik Ali (Convicted of preparing acts of terrorism) was charged under Section 38B Terrorism Act 2000 of failing to disclose her husbandâ€™s involvement in terrorism related behavior to the police. Â Following a trial at Woolwich Crown Court she was cleared by a Jury.
- 9) Â Â TPIM Order â€“ CD 2012
â€œCDâ€ having been previously been placed on a Control Order Regiem due to similar allegations CD was placed on a TPIM once the Control Order system was abbolished by Parliament. Â Court papers from the TPIM open hearings show MI5 assessed there was a â€œreal riskâ€ CD Â would try to revive plans to launch attacks in Britain or engage in other terrorism-related activity if he was not subject to a TPIM . MI5 assessed CD to have attended a terror training camp with four of the five suicide bombers involved in the attempted attacks on London on July 21,2005. They further assessed that he was able to â€œquickly and covertlyâ€ buy firearms if he had the money.
- 10) Â Â Control Order – CD 2011
CD was made subject to a Control Order regiem after the Home Secretary assessed that he was involved in terrorism related activity. the allegation against CD was that heÂ was trained in Syria from where he plotted a terror attack on the UK.Â Lawyers for the home secretary claim that CD intended to carry out attacks, “most likely in London and potentially using firearms”, they further alleged that he was Â “a leading figure in a group of Islamists based in North London”. during the ‘open’ proceedings an MI5 Officer testifying from behind a screen confirmed that after CD arrived back in the UK from Syria he was assessed to have tried to buy firearms from criminal associates. the accusations were roundly denied by CD.
- 11) Â Â R v CD 2011
CD a British man, was charged under S9(1) of the Prevention of Terrorism Act 2005 with 15 counts of failing to comply with terms of a Control Order placed upon him by the Home Secretary.
Following a full trial, the jury in the case at the Old Baily found CD not guilty on two counts but failed to reach verdicts on the remaining 13.
The judge, Mr Recorder Sir Geoffrey Nice, discharged the jury after more than 14 hours of deliberations.
The jury had earlier unanimously cleared CD of two breaches – but told Mr Recorder Nice they could not agree on the remaining counts
Prosecutors say they will not seek a retrial and CD will be returned to his control order address in Leicester.
- 12) Â Â R v Cossor Ali 2010
Cossor Ali was the the wife of Abdulla Ahmed Ali, the convicted airliner bomb plotter. She was arrested and charged under S38B Terrorism Act 2000 , namely for failure to report her husbands terrorism related activities. Following a full trial at Inner London Crown Court, she was Â found not guilty of failing to pass on information that would be useful in preventing an act of terrorism.
- 13) Â Â R v Abbas Iqbal and others 2009
All lived in the Blackburn area of Lancashire. The principal member of the group, Kanmi, used an internet based pro-jihadi discussion forum in January 2008 to make claim that he had established and assumed leadership of Al-Qaeda Great Britain (AQ-GB). Through the use of the forum and using a pseudonym Kanmi outlined the strategic direction and objective of AQ-GB, which included large scale attacks against Western interests, attacks on political figures and the execution of all those who oppose the Mujahideen. The postings specifically named Tony Blair and Gordon Brown as the top of the list for elimination.
In a further posting Kanmi repeated his claim and issued a statement through the web forum demanding the withdrawal of British troops from Afghanistan and Iraq as well as the release of Muslim prisoners from Belmarsh prison. Kanmi claimed that if these demands were not met by the end of March 2008 then martyrdom seekers would target political leaders, naming Tony Blair and Gordon Brown as well as others. His claims reached a national audience when an article regarding his postings was printed in The Times newspaper, and an international audience when the article was subsequently syndicated worldwide.
Kanmi was arrested on 14 August 2008 at Manchester International Airport where he was due to fly out to Finland. He was found with a mobile phone, a memory card and two pen drives. The memory card and one of the pen drives contained documents relating to jihad. The other pen drive contained a training video demonstrating a technique to attack airline staff from the rear of the plane using a plastic knife.
Kanmi pleaded guilty to professing to belong to a proscribed organisation (Al-Qaeda) contrary to s.11 of the Terrorism Act 2000, inviting support for a proscribed organisation contrary to s.12 of the Terrorism Act 2000, one count of collecting or making a record of information useful to a terrorist contrary to s.58 of the Terrorism Act 2000 and four counts of dissemination of terrorist publications contrary to s.2(1) (a) of the Terrorism Act 2006. He received a total sentence of five years imprisonment in June 2010.
Two further members of the group were subsequently identified by the police, Abbas and Ilyas Iqbal. Abbas Iqbal was arrested with Kanmi at Manchester Aiport. He was found to be in possession of a number of spent 8mm blank shell casings in the pocket of his jacket, a mobile phone that contained anti-American and jihadist imagery, a multimedia storage device containing homemade video recordings of both himself and Ilyas dressed in combat fatigues discharging handguns, shouting ‘Allahu Akbar’, practising military manoeuvres and holding a variety of weapons.
Ilyas Iqbal was arrested later the same day at his place of work where his desk was searched and was found to contain a number of books including references to jihad.
Police searched the brothers’ address where a computer was found that contained extremist material and material designed to incite. The computer registry also revealed that one of the pen-drives taken from Kanmi had been inserted and used with it. Also found on the computer were photographs of Jack Straw MP speaking at a meeting. A Sony Camcorder tape was also found containing a home video recording of the brothers holding machetes and simulating a beheading. An arsenal of weaponry and military equipment was also found at their address as well as an array of jihadist material and live ammunition.
After a trial Abbas Iqbal was convicted of dissemination of terrorist publications contrary to s2 of the Terrorism Act 2006 and preparation for acts of terrorism contrary to s5 of the same Act. He received total of three years’ imprisonment. Ilyas Iqbal was convicted of collecting or making a record of information useful to a terrorist contrary to s.58 of the Terrorism Act 2000 and received 18 months’ imprisonment.
- 14) Â Â R v Habib Ahmed 2008
Habib Ahmed, 29 become the first al-Qaeda suspect convicted in the UK of directing terrorism, following a trial at Manchester Crown Court. He was caught with two diaries containing details of top al-Qaeda operatives, the diaries were described in court as a terrorist’s contact book
Habib was found guilty of possessing the diaries between April 2004 and April 2006 for the purpose of terrorism. He was however cleared of attending a terrorist training camp in Pakistan in 2006 and was further found not guilty of seven counts of possessing information for the purposes of terrorism.
In February 2006 there was a protest outside the Danish Embassy in London at the publication in Denmark of cartoons depicting the prophet Mohammed. Many Muslims took great exception to that but there was also an extreme reaction from a small fundamentalist element. Public disorder at the protest followed as well as arrests for inciting racial hatred and soliciting murder. Following the protest the police searched an address in North London (the former address of Omar Bakri) where, amongst a very large amount of computer material, the police discovered one particular DVD, which was almost 5 hours in length and was a record of some of the speeches made by the defendants at the Regents Park Mosque in November 2004 during Ramadan, the holiest month in the Islamic calendar. It was these speeches that gave rise to the two principal charges in this case.
All 8 defendants; Saleem, Brooks, Hussain, Zaheer, Keeler, Khan, Hassan and Muhid, were charged with fundraising for terrorist purposes (under section 15 of the Terrorism Act 2000) and 5 of them (Saleem, Brooks, Keeler, Khan and Hassan) were charged with inciting acts of terrorism overseas (under section 59 of the Terrorism Act 2000). Brooks was also charged with encouraging terrorism (under section 1 of the Terrorism Act 2006).
In essence, all 8 defendants, who were members or associated with an extremist Islamic group called Al-Muhajiroun, jointly sought to raise money to be sent to Iraq to support the terrorist insurgents in their attacks on Coalition Forces. Five of the defendants went further than simply seeking to raise money for terrorist activity. They actually incited others to join in the jihad in Iraq, to join the insurgency and to take up arms against American and British forces serving there.
The trial lasted from January to April 2008. The following verdicts were delivered on 17th April and the defendants were sentenced the next day:
- Saleem – Not guilty to fundraising for terrorist purposes, guilty to inciting terrorism overseas (3 years 9 months imprisonment)
- Brooks – Guilty to fundraising (2.5 years), guilty to inciting terrorism overseas (4.5 years concurrent) and no verdict (later recorded as not guilty) to encouragement of terrorism.
- Hussain – Guilty to fundraising (2 years).
- Zaheer – No verdict (later recorded as not guilty) to fundraising.
- Keeler – Guilty to fundraising (2.5 years), guilty to inciting terrorism overseas (4.5 years concurrent).
- Khan – Not guilty to fundraising, no verdict (later recorded as not guilty) to inciting terrorism overseas.
- Hassan – Not guilty to fundraising, guilty to inciting terrorism overseas (2 years 9 months).
- Muhid – Guilty to fundraising (2 years).
- In addition Hussain admitted failing to surrender and was sentenced to 3 months imprisonment to run consecutively to his sentence on count 1.
- 16) Â Â Arrest of Hassan Butt 2008
Greater Manchester police were interested in accounts of terrorism related activities contained in a book entitled â€˜Leaving al-Qaeda: Inside the Mind of a British Terroristâ€™. The book was being co-authored by Shiv Malik (Freelance Journalist) and Mr Hassan Buttthe material police were interested in concerned interviews between Malik and Butt. Butt was arrested for terrorism related offences partly in connection to the material contained in the Book. Â Following police interview Butt was released with no charge and No Further Action .
- 17) Â Â R v Yassin Mutegombwa 2008
Â Yassin Mutegombwa Â from south London was charged with three counts of receiving terrorist training and two counts of possession of information of a kind likely to be useful to a person committing or preparing an act of terrorism following a series of police raids which targeted an alleged network of terrorist recruiters. The raids in London led to 14 arrests, including 12 at a restaurant in Borough. Anti-terrorism officers also searched the Jameah Islamiyah Secondary School in Mark Cross, near Crowborough, East Sussex. Mutegombwa was accused of receiving training in the use of weapons in woodland in Hampshire and at a location in Berkshire.
Mutegombwa was convicted of two counts of attendance at a place for the purpose of terrorism training , he was acquitted on all other counts.
Mr Hashmi was indicted by the United States District Court for the southern district of New York in early 2004. Hashmi was alleged to be “a quartermaster (for Al-Qaeda) who has assisted in the supply of military equipment” in the fight against US forces in Afghanistan, he was arrested in June 2006 at Heathrow Airport London under an extradition warrant.
Hashmiâ€™s extradition warrant alleged he received “military gear” in London intended for use in committing terrorist offences between January and March 2004.
- 19) Â Â R v Samina Malik 2007
Â In October 2006 the defendant was charged with one offence under section 57 of the Terrorism Act 2000 (possession of an article for terrorist purposes) and one offence under section 58 of the Terrorism Act 2000 (collecting or making a record of information or possessing a document of a kind likely to be useful to a person committing or preparing an act or terrorism).
In November 2007 the defendant was found not guilty at the Old Bailey of the section 57 offence but guilty of the section 58 offence.
In February 2008 a Court of Appeal decision in the case of R v K clarified the meaning of section 58 of the Terrorism Act 2000. The court ruled that an offence would be committed only if the document or record concerned was of a kind that was likely to provide practical assistance to a person committing or preparing an act of terrorism. A document that simply encouraged the commission of acts of terrorism was not sufficient.
As a result of this case the defendant successfully appealed against her conviction and in June 2008, in response to the defendant’s appeal, the CPS decided not to seek a retrial after the Court of Appeal quashed her conviction on the basis that some of the 21 documents that were relied upon by the prosecution in the defendant’s trial would now, in light of R v K, no longer be held capable of giving practical assistance to terrorists.
It is worth noting that Malik was prosecuted after, working airside at Heathrow, she had supplied information about airport security procedures to Sohail QuereshiÂ .
- 20) Â Â R v Mizanur Rahman 2006
Mizanur Rahman, of Palmers Green, north London, was arrested after a protest at the UK’s Danish Embassy over cartoons depicting the Prophet Muhammad.
The cartoons had been published by newspapers in Denmark and other European countries. He was charged with Inciting Murder and a separate count of inciting racial hatred.
A jury at the Old Bailey was unable to reach a verdict on a charge of inciting murder, but found him guilty in the Inciting racial hatred count. .The jury had spent two days considering the charges
- 21) Â Â R v Pa Modou Jobe 2006Â
On 15 December 2006 police officers attended the defendant’s work address in Birmingham and arrested him for an unrelated matter. During the course of that investigation he was searched and a number of items were found on him, including a Sony Ericsson mobile phone, a Motorola mobile phone and an Ipod. These items were examined. As a result of this the defendant’s home address was also searched and a number of items were found there, including a laptop and a very large collection of 86 DVDs/CDs.
The defendant was found to be in possession of a vast quantity of extremist ideological and training material. The common theme amongst the material was to encourage the audience to wage war against non-Muslims. Parts of the collection refer to ideological warfare, parts to purely theological methods and parts give explicit direction to commit acts of terrorism.
On 7 February 2008 the defendant initially pleaded guilty to 4 counts of possessing articles that would be of use to someone committing, preparing or instigating an act of terrorism, contrary to section 58 of the Terrorism Act 2000, but he unsuccessfully sought to retract his pleas following the rulings in the cases of R v K and R v Zafar and Others on 13 February 2008.
He appealed to the Court of Appeal who allowed his appeal. The Crown duly appealed the Court of Appeal’s decision. The House of Lords allowed the Crown’s appeal and refused to allow the defendant to retract his plea. On 20 April 2009 the defendant was sentenced to 3 years and 9 months on each of the 4 counts, to run concurrently.