NSfK's 58. Research seminar
1. – 4. May 2016
The Scandinavian Research Council for Criminology was established in 1962 by the Ministries of Justice in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden.
The purpose of the Council is to further criminological research within the member countries and advise the Scandinavian governments on issues related to criminology.
Among activities are:
The Council arranges contact seminars, research seminars and workshops.
The Council awards research and travel grants.
The Council publishes journal in English, reports from its seminars, a newsletter ten times per year in Scandinavian languages that is available on-line and an annual report.
An atmosphere perceived as hostile to Muslims and strong opinions about world politics are the main reasons Finnish fighters have left to join conflicts in Iraq and Syria, according to new research from Helsinki and Tampere universities.
Researchers Karin Creutz, Marko Juntunen and Juha Saarinen interviewed some 20 people with links to people who had left to fight but not the fighters themselves. They also collected material from Twitter and Facebook.
They found that marginalisation and hostility towards Muslims were the main factors in radicalisation in Finland.
Creutz, a researcher at the University of Helsinki’s Centre for Research on Ethnic Relations and Nationalism (CEREN), and a PhD candidate in sociology at the Department of Social Research, told Yle that religious background seemed to be nearly irrelevant.
“Nobody in our research database is from a very religious family,” she said. “Some are converts and some are from fairly secular Muslim families. This factor plays a really minor role.”
The lack of a forum for open discussion was also problematic, according to researchers, with a lack of trust in Finnish society making it difficult to discuss issues and pushing young people towards extremist groups.
Researchers found that radicalised youth perceive global politics as unjust, and feel a duty to defend people they see as their oppressed Muslim kin. They feel that only Muslims actions in conflict areas are condemned, and that the term terrorist is defined by western discourses.
“Atmosphere in Finland changed radically in three years”
Researchers also found that experience of racism also helped people decide to leave to fight in the Middle East.
“The interviewees felt that the atmosphere in Finland has changed radically beginning in the early 2000s and especially in the past three years,” notes Creutz. “They feel that nowadays anyone can say absolutely anything on social media.”
The Finnish Security Intelligence Service (Supo) estimates that at least 70 people have left Finland to fight in Syria and Iraq between 2012 and 2015.
- 5141 Sociology – Nationalism, Islamophobia, Racism, Xenophobia, Far-Right Politics, Anti-Muslim Fringe, Populism, Radicalisation, Ethnicity, Immigration, Integration, Transnationalism, Power, Post-Colonialism, Epistemology, Border dynamics
- 518 Media and communications – Representations, Rhetorical Analysis, Critical Discourse Analysis, Cultural Studies
DESCRIPTION OF RESEARCH AND TEACHING
- Social Boundaries in a Supranational Context: Collective Positioning and the Construction of Europeanness in Media Discourses on Islam
|Further information on the affiliation||Centre for Research on Ethnic Relations and Nationalism CEREN|
Publication: Contribution to journal â€º E1 Popular article, newspaper article
Publication: Book/anthology â€º D6 Edited professional book
Orchestrating National Unity: An Assessment of Discourses Reproducing National Unity in Immigrant Legislation and the Surrounding Parliamentary and Public Debates
PyrhÃ¶nen, N. J., Creutz, K. & Weide, M.Nov 2015The Challenge of Minority Integration: Politics and Policies in the Nordic Nations. Kraus, P. A. & Kivisto, P. (eds.). Berlin/London/Warsaw: De Gruyter Open, p. 141-175 35 p.
Publication: Contribution to book/anthology â€º A3 Contribution to book/other compilations (refereed)